Types of Cannabis
Cannabis has 483 chemical ingredients, of which 85 are cannabinoid compounds.
The two most common cannibinoids are:
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical that produces the “high” feeling.
- Possibly increases risk of seizures.
- Cannabidiol (CBD), which may affect behavior and reduce anxiety.
- Possibly reduces the risk of seizures.
There are three types of Cannabis plants:
- Cannabis ruderalis has nearly no THC, so it is not considered a good source of medical marijuana. It is very fibrous and is used in hemp products.
- Cannabis sativa grows taller and is bushier with darker olive green leaves. It has a higher THC to CBD ratio. It has more mind-altering effects and is stimulating. It can give “the munchies.”
- Cannabis indica grows like trees and the leaves are more of a spring green color. This has a lower THC to CBD ratio. This may be more sedating or relaxing.
Most marijuana grown is a hybrid of C. indica and sativa. The flowering bud of the plant, which is used, can have varying degrees of THC and CBD. Only certified lab testing can determine the true quantity of CBD.